Monday 23 Oct, 2017
Overview of Beetaloo Basin

The Beetaloo Basin, located around 500km southeast of Darwin in Australia’s Northern Territory, has been identified by Marc Bruner and Ben Law as one of the few remaining virtually unexplored, onshore sedimentary basins. The basin is a Pre-Cambrian Basin that has more than 3000 metres of sediment column in which the identification of source rocks has been confirmed on the two unconventional oil and gas generating geological formations of the Kyalla and Velkerri Shale. Each source rock is widespread, with thickness of up to 800 metres. There are also indications that high quality conventional reservoirs exist.

 

Beetaloo’s Exploration History

In the 1980’s a subsidiary of Rio Tinto drilled 12 wells across the Beetaloo Basin accumulating over 27,000 feet of core data, and these cores, which were subsequently stored in Northern Territory warehouses, represented the basis of independent information for Ryder Scott’s filed Report with Toronto Stock Exchange (www.sedar.com) in May 2010, which estimated a potential resource of the Beetaloo Basin of 17 billion barrels of recoverable oil and 64 TCF of natural gas.

 

The technology to develop these types of unconventional oil and gas deposits throughout the world were not developed until the late 1990’s in the United States, principally in the formations of the Barnett Shale in Texas, and the Pinedale Anticline in Wyoming.

 

Falcon Oil & Gas Australia Limited, a subsidiary of Falcon Oil & Gas Ltd, owns 4 exploration permits EP 98, EP 117, EP 76 and EP 99 in the Beetaloo Basin, and have recently drilled a well called Shenandoah-1 on EP 98.

 

Paltar CEO Marc Bruner believes that Falcon has discovered one of the world’s largest in place oil and gas deposits. The prospectivity of the Beetaloo Basin was confirmed in April 2011 when Hess Corporation (Hess) entered into an agreement to acquire a 62.5% working interest in the Falcon Australia's exploration permits in the Beetaloo Basin with Hess set to undertake a USD $40.0 Million seismic surveying program this year. Hess can then elect to continue to the next phase of work which includes conducting a five well program to further explore the area, anticipated to begin in 2012.

 

Land

The Ministry of Mines and Energy in the Northern Territory is responsible for managing oil and gas operations in the Northern Territory. Paltar, through its Joint Development Agreement with its 50% partner, Sweetpea Petroleum Pty Ltd, has applied for three licences in the Beetaloo Basin (EPA 136, EPA 143 and EPA 197). These tenement applications are located around 4 other exploration permits held by Falcon Oil & Gas Australia Limited.

 

Regional Infrastructure and Markets

A pipeline corridor, railroad and Stuart Highway run through EPA 143 and near EPA 197 to Darwin. Trucking and rail appear to be the first option to transport products. The current pipeline is too small to be of any significant use for the transport of gas.

 

However, once commercial operations have demonstrated the viability of gas reserves, it is anticipated a large pipeline will be laid to Darwin to access the existing LNG facilities and planned projects. Access to market for oil production would be much quicker because road train and railroad to Darwin can transport it. Darwin has a deep-water port capable of handling oil production. Oil could be transported to Singapore refineries for processing. Currently, Conoco Phillips’s LNG plant in Darwin Harbor is the only exporter of LNG in Darwin. Sufficient supply exists from Bayu-Udan field in the Timor Sea. Inpex and its partner Total, also plan to export LNG. Phase one is estimated at 8 million metric tons of LNG per year. It is estimated the plant will be operational by 2015. This also requires building an 850 Km sub-sea pipeline.

 

Geology

Total Undiscovered and Prospective (Recoverable) Gas Resources in the Beetaloo Basin, Australia

Reservoir Unrisked Undiscovered Gas-In-Place (Tscf) Unrisked Prospective (recoverable) Gas Resources (Tscf)
Low Best High Low Best High
Hayfield (Associated Solution) 0.013 0.025 0.046 0.002 0.004 0.009
Jamison (Associated Solution) 2.041 3.33 5.349 0.313 0.585 1.066
Moroak 0.8 1.437 2.346 0.607 1.048 1.731
Conventional Subtotal 2.85 4.79 7.74 0.92 1.64 2.81
Moroak BCGA 21 29.61 40.85 3.18 4.85 7.23
Bessie Creek BCGA 159.4 210 275 23.8 24.4 49.4
BCGA Subtotal 180.39 239.58 315.81 27.02 39.28 56.64
Lower Kyalla Shale Gas 12.7 15.8 19.2 1.9 2.6 3.5
Middle Velkerrie Shale Gas 94.6 125.1 160.4 14.2 20.4 29
Shale Gas Subtotal 107.3 140.9 179.6 16.1 23 32.5
Total Gas Resources Within The Beetaloo Basin 290.54 385.27 503.16 44.05 63.91 91.94

Ryder Scott


Total Undiscovered and Prospective (Recoverable) Oil Resources in the Beetaloo Basin, Australia

As of May 1, 2010
Reservoir Unrisked Undiscovered Oil-In-Place (Billion stb) Unrisked Prospective  (Recoverable) Oil Resources (Billion stb)
Low Best High Low Best High
Hayfield 0.05 0.09 0.15 0.01 0.01 0.02
Jamison 8.22 11.92 16.4 0.8 1.34 2.15
Conventional Subtotal 8.27 12.01 16.55 0.81 1.35 2.17
Upper Kyalla Shale Oil (Revised) 54.3 10.49 176.5 2.12 4.4 8.1
Lower Kyalla Shale Oil 16.9 37.1 62.2 0.67 1.55 2.85
Middle Velkerri Shale Oil 184.5 241.1 317.2 6.66 10.24 15.33
Unconventional Subtotal 255.7 383.1 555.9 9.45 16.19 26.28
Total Oil Resource Within the Beetaloo Basin 263.97 395.11 572.45 10.26 17.54 28.45

Ryder Scott



X
Location
Prospective
Seismic Section

Stratigraphic Column

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Location of Beetaloo Basin

2,000,000 acres. Two thermally mature, thick source rocks (each~800M). Large unconventional resource. Complex (oil & gas). Large untested structures for conventional resources

 

Prospective based on gravity data

Falcon's interpretation of seismic, geology and gravity.

 

Cut out of seismic section

The cut out of seismic section demonstrates multiple thrust sheets. Paltar believes that this is an over thrust belt that contains the possibility of giant conventional as well as unconventional targets.

 

Gereralised Stratigraphic Column

Recoverable Beetaloo Volumes



Oil Resource in billions of barrels Low Best High
Conventional 0.8 1.3 2.2
Upper and Lower Kyalla 2.8 6.0 11.0
Velkerri 6.7 10.2 15.3
Totals 10.2 17.5 28.4
Gas Resource in Tcf Low Best High
Lower Kyalla 1.9 2.6 3.5
Moroak, Hayfield, Jamison SS 0.9 1.6 2.8
Moroak BCGA 3.2 4.9 7.2
Velkerri 14.2 20.4 29.0
Bessie Creek BCGA 23.8 34.4 49.4
Totals 44.1 63.9 91.4

Ryder Scott 2010

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